Historic US environmentalists you should know

Historic US environmentalists you should know

Today's society are becoming increasingly aware of environmental issues and climate change. However, it wasn’t always like this. Take a look at some of the very first environmental activists, who are not only responsible for preserving immense amounts of wilderness, but inspired many future generations to follow in their footsteps.



John Muir, naturalist and writer (1838-1914)

 

 

John Muir, also known of ‘John as the Mountains’ and ‘Father of the National Parks is probably one of America’s earliest advocates for the preservation of nature. He founded the Sierra Club, which is a prominent American conservation organization and has helped preserve Yosemite Valley, Sequoia National Park and many other wilderness areas.



Theodore Roosevelt, former US president (1858 - 1919)

 

During his time as president, Roosevelt was responsible for the preservation of hundreds of millions of wilderness acres, soil and water conservation as well as the creation of over 200 national forests, national monuments and national parks. 



Rachel Carson, marine biologist and author (1907-1964)

 

In her books and other writings, Rachel Carson described her concerns of the devastating effects of pesticides on the environment. Though fiercely opposed by chemical companies, certain chemicals were eventually banned because of her observations.



Richard Nixon, former US president (1913-1994)

 

Richard Nixon is not commonly known for being an environmentalist. However, in 1970 he announced the creation of the Environmental Protection Agency, signed the Clean Air Act and the National Environmental Policy Act

 

 

Edward Abbey, author (1927-1989)

 

 

Edward Abbey was one of America’s most dedicated environmentalists and is best known for actively defending the deserts of Southwest. His books ‘Desert Solitaire’ and ‘The Monkey Wrench Gang’ have been cited as inspiration for by many environmental groups.